Mastering the Art of Flattening Felt Fabric: A Comprehensive Guide

Felt fabric is a versatile and widely used material in various crafting and sewing projects. However, there may be instances where you need to flatten felt fabric to achieve a smoother and more even surface. Whether you're working on a crafting project or need to restore the appearance of wrinkled felt, knowing how to flatten felt fabric correctly is essential.

Understanding Felt Fabric

Felt fabric is a textile material made from compressed and matted fibers, typically wool. It is known for its softness, durability, and unique texture. Felt is often used in crafts, clothing, and home decor due to its ability to add warmth and character to projects.

Why You May Need to Flatten Felt Fabric

There are several reasons why you might need to flatten felt fabric:

  1. Wrinkles and Creases: Felt fabric can develop wrinkles and creases during storage or shipping.

  2. Crafting Projects: If you're working on a crafting project that requires a smooth surface, such as appliqué work or creating flat embellishments, flattening the felt is essential.

  3. Restoration: Vintage or older felt items may have become wrinkled over time and need restoration.

Methods for Flattening Felt Fabric

Using Heat and Steam

One effective method for flattening felt fabric is to use heat and steam. Here's how to do it:

  1. Prepare Your Materials: You'll need an iron, a clean cloth or pressing sheet, and a water source.

  2. Set the Iron: Set your iron to a low heat or wool setting. Do not use a high heat setting, as it can damage the felt.

  3. Place the Felt Fabric: Lay the wrinkled felt fabric on your ironing board or another heat-resistant surface.

  4. Use a Pressing Cloth: Place a clean cloth or pressing sheet over the felt fabric to protect it from direct contact with the iron.

  5. Apply Steam: Using the steam setting on your iron, hover the iron over the pressing cloth without touching it. The steam will penetrate the felt and help relax the fibers.

  6. Press Gently: After applying steam, press the cloth-covered iron gently on the felt fabric. Avoid sliding the iron, as this can stretch the felt.

  7. Repeat as Needed: Continue this process until the wrinkles are gone. Be patient and avoid using excessive heat.

Using Weight and Pressure

Another method for flattening felt fabric involves using weight and pressure. Here's what to do:

  1. Lay the Felt Flat: Place the wrinkled felt fabric on a clean, flat surface.

  2. Smooth Out Wrinkles: Use your hands to gently smooth out any wrinkles or creases in the fabric.

  3. Add Weight: Lay a heavy, flat object on top of the felt. This can be a stack of books, a cutting mat, or any other flat, heavy item.

  4. Wait and Check: Leave the weight on the felt for several hours or overnight. Check the fabric periodically to see if the wrinkles have disappeared.

Combining Methods for Best Results

For stubborn wrinkles, consider combining the heat and steam method with the weight and pressure method. Begin with the heat and steam method to relax the fibers, then follow up with the weight and pressure method to ensure a flat finish.

Precautions and Tips

Temperature and Felt Types

Different types of felt may require different heat settings. Always test a small, inconspicuous area of the felt with the iron to ensure that the heat setting is appropriate and does not cause damage.

Protecting Your Fabric

When using the iron, make sure to use a pressing cloth or pressing sheet to prevent direct contact between the iron and the felt. This will protect the felt from scorching or melting.

Step-by-Step Guide: How to Flatten Felt Fabric

  1. Begin by assessing the level of wrinkling on your felt fabric.

  2. Choose the method that best suits your needs: heat and steam, weight and pressure, or a combination of both.

  3. Follow the steps outlined in the respective methods, ensuring you apply the appropriate precautions.

  4. Be patient during the process, especially when using the heat and steam method. Avoid rushing to prevent damage to the fabric.

  5. Check the felt periodically to determine if the wrinkles have been successfully flattened.

Common Mistakes to Avoid


One common mistake is using excessive heat when attempting to flatten felt fabric. Always start with a low heat setting and gradually increase if necessary.

Using Inappropriate Pressure

Avoid using too much pressure when applying weight to the felt. Excessive pressure can compress the fibers and affect the texture of the fabric.

Alternative Methods for Flattening Felt Fabric

Using Felt Glue

If you have minor wrinkles or creases, you can use felt glue to attach the affected areas to a flat surface, such as cardboard or foam board. Once the glue dries, the felt will remain flat.

Professional Services

For valuable or delicate felt items, consider seeking professional restoration services. Experts can safely and effectively flatten and restore your felt fabric.

Maintaining Flattened Felt Fabric

To keep your flattened felt fabric in top condition:

Storage Tips

Store your felt items in a cool, dry place, preferably flat or rolled. Avoid folding or stacking heavy objects on top of them, as this can cause new wrinkles.


If your felt fabric becomes wrinkled again over time, you can repeat the flattening process using the methods outlined above.


Flattening felt fabric is a skill that comes in handy for various crafting and restoration projects. By using the appropriate methods and precautions, you can achieve a smooth and wrinkle-free surface while preserving the integrity of the felt. Remember to test the heat setting and be patient throughout the process to ensure the best results.

Now that you know how to flatten felt fabric effectively, you can confidently tackle crafting and restoration projects that require this essential skill.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1: Can I use any iron to flatten felt fabric? A: While many irons can be used, it's essential to choose one with a low heat or wool setting to prevent damage to the felt.

Q2: Is it possible to re-flatten felt fabric if it becomes wrinkled again? A: Yes, you can re-flatten felt fabric using the same methods outlined in the article.

Q3: Can I flatten felt fabric without using heat? A: Yes, you can use the weight and pressure method or consider using felt glue for minor wrinkles.

Q4: Will flattening felt fabric change its texture? A: Flattening may slightly affect the texture, but using the appropriate methods and precautions can minimize texture changes.

Q5: How can I store flattened felt fabric to prevent damage? A: Store flattened felt fabric in a cool, dry place, preferably flat or rolled, and avoid stacking heavy objects on top of it to prevent new wrinkles.