Caring for Felt: Tips and Tricks for Long-Lasting Softness and Color Brilliance

Felt is a versatile and commonly used fabric in various crafts and projects. Whether you're creating handmade decorations, clothing items, or other DIY creations, understanding how felt behaves under different conditions is crucial. One common question that arises is, "Does felt shrink in the dryer?" In this article, we'll explore this query and provide you with valuable insights into how to care for your felt items to ensure they maintain their shape and size. So, let's dive in!

Understanding Felt Fabric

Before we delve into the specifics of whether felt shrinks in the dryer, let's briefly discuss what felt is. Felt is a textile material that is made by compressing and matting fibers together, typically wool or synthetic fibers. This unique manufacturing process creates a dense, non-woven fabric that is known for its durability and ability to retain its shape.

Factors Influencing Shrinkage

The extent to which felt may shrink in the dryer depends on several factors, including:

  1. Type of Felt: The type of felt you're working with can significantly impact its shrinkage properties. Wool felt, for example, is more prone to shrinking than synthetic or blended felts.

  2. Temperature: The heat level in the dryer plays a crucial role. Higher temperatures are more likely to cause shrinkage.

  3. Agitation: The mechanical action inside the dryer, such as tumbling and spinning, can also contribute to shrinkage.

  4. Moisture: The presence of moisture can enhance the felting process. High humidity or dampness in the dryer can lead to more pronounced shrinkage.

Preventing Shrinkage

To prevent your felt items from shrinking in the dryer, follow these steps:

  1. Use Cold Water: When washing felt items, use cold water. Hot water can initiate the felting process.

  2. Handwashing: For delicate felt items, consider handwashing with a mild detergent.

  3. Air Dry: Instead of using the dryer, air dry your felt items by laying them flat on a clean, dry towel.

  4. Steam Iron: To reshape or flatten felt items, you can use a steam iron at a low setting. Ensure you don't press down too hard to avoid flattening the texture.


In conclusion, whether or not felt shrinks in the dryer depends on various factors, including the type of felt, temperature, agitation, and moisture. To preserve the size and shape of your felt items, it's advisable to avoid using the dryer and opt for handwashing and air drying methods. By taking these precautions, you can enjoy your felt creations for a long time without worrying about unwanted shrinkage.

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to felt and its properties:

Q1: Can you wash felt in a washing machine? A1: It depends on the type of felt. While some synthetic felts can withstand a gentle cycle in the washing machine, it's generally recommended to handwash felt items to prevent shrinkage or damage.

Q2: Does felt fade over time? A2: Felt can fade if exposed to prolonged sunlight or harsh cleaning agents. To maintain its color, store felt items away from direct sunlight and use mild detergents when washing.

Q3: Can you dye felt to change its color? A3: Yes, you can dye felt to change its color. Use fabric dyes or fabric markers specifically designed for felt materials. Follow the dyeing instructions carefully for best results.

Q4: How can I remove wrinkles from felt? A4: To remove wrinkles from felt, you can gently steam it with a handheld steamer or use a steam iron on a low setting. Be cautious not to overheat or press too hard to avoid damaging the felt.

Q5: Is felt a sustainable material? A5: Felt can be sustainable when made from natural, renewable fibers like wool. However, it's essential to consider the production processes and sources of the felt material to determine its sustainability.

Q6: Can I cut felt with regular scissors? A6: Yes, you can cut felt with regular scissors. However, using sharp fabric scissors or pinking shears can result in cleaner and more precise cuts.

Q7: How do I clean spills or stains on felt? A7: To clean spills or stains on felt, blot the affected area gently with a clean, damp cloth. Avoid rubbing, as it can spread the stain. For stubborn stains, consult a professional cleaner.

Q8: Can felt be used for clothing, such as hats or scarves? A8: Felt is often used for clothing items like hats and scarves due to its insulating properties. It provides warmth and comfort in cold weather.

Q9: Does felt have any limitations in terms of color variety? A9: Felt comes in a wide range of colors, but its variety may be limited compared to other fabrics. However, you can dye or embellish felt to achieve your desired colors and designs.

Q10: Is felt biodegradable? A10: Natural wool felt is biodegradable and eco-friendly. It will naturally break down over time when disposed of properly.